Transesophageal cardiac ultrasound" may be arranged next, in which an ultrasound probe is placed into the esophagus to observe the heart through the esophagus. Because the heart ultrasound from the chest will encounter breasts, lungs, etc., which may block some views. Through transesophageal echocardiography, the structure of the mitral valve can be seen more clearly, which can help doctors to formulate treatment plans. What are the treatments for mitral valve regurgitation? Dr. Li Qingwei explained that for degenerative and primary mitral valve regurgitation, the valve has broken down, which is a physical problem and cannot be improved by drugs.
Functional and secondary mitral valve telemarketing list regurgitation is due to the enlarged heart and the deformation of the door frame. Therefore, drug treatment should be used first to reduce the burden on the heart and improve the heart function. To see if the heart will shrink a little, the valve regurgitation may be improved. According to the study, about half of patients with secondary mitral valve regurgitation will go from severe to mild regurgitation after three months of active medical treatment without requiring surgery to repair the valve.
When medical treatment fails to improve, as with degenerative mitral valve regurgitation, surgical correction is required. The current surgical correction can be open-heart surgery, valve repair or replacement valve, or catheter valve repair. Open heart surgery is to cut the sternum from the middle, connect the cardiopulmonary bypass machine to stop the heart, and then open the heart to repair the valve or replace the artificial valve.